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Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments Published: March 14, 2011
Amending the MCCARRAN-WALTER IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION ACT (1952), the Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 specified a two-year residency requirement for alien spouses and children before obtaining permanent resident status.
Italian immigration Published: February 19, 2011
Italy was second only to Germany as a source country for immigrants to the United States after 1820.
Irish immigration Published: February 19, 2011
The Irish were the first of Europe’s many impoverished peoples to seek economic advantages in the New World in large numbers in the 19th century, providing one of the great immigration streams to both Canada and the United States.
Iraqi immigration Published: February 19, 2011
Unlike some other Muslim groups, Iraqis had little exposure to Western culture before immigrating to North America in the wake of the first Persian Gulf War (1991) and therefore had more difficulty assimilating.
Iranian immigration Published: February 19, 2011
During the 1990s, Iranians formed the largest immigrant group from the Middle East in both the United States and Canada.
International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU) Published: February 19, 2011
Founded in 1900 in New York City, the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU) was remarkably successful in forcing adoption of sanitary codes and safety regulations and achieving better pay during the first two decades of the 20th century.
Daniel K. Inouye (1924– ) politician Published: February 19, 2011
Hawaii’s first U.S. congressman and the first member of Congress of Japanese descent, Daniel Inouye has represented, for more than 40 years, the patriotism of Japanese Americans.
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW, Wobblies) Published: February 17, 2011
Founded in 1905, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) was the most important of the radical labor organizations that operated in the United States and Canada.
Indian immigration Published: February 17, 2011
According to the 2000 U.S. census, 1,899,599 Americans claimed Asian Indian descent. Although most were Hindus and Muslims, almost 150,000 were Christians from southern India.
Indentured servitude Published: February 17, 2011
Indentured servitude as a means of colonization or immigration is a labor system in which a laborer agrees to provide labor exclusively for one employer for a fixed number of years in return for his or her travel, living expenses and often some financial consideration at the end of service.
Immigration Restriction League (IRL) Published: February 17, 2011
Founded by Charles Warren in Boston in 1894, the Immigration Restriction League (IRL) proposed a literacy test for the purpose of restricting immigration.
Immigration regulations (Canada) (1967) Published: February 17, 2011
In the wake of the White Paper on Canadian Immigration Policy of October 1966, the Canadian government announced a new series of immigration regulations in September 1967.
Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) (United States) (1986) Published: February 17, 2011
In the wake of massive refugee crises in Southeast Asia and Cuba, in 1981, a Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy recommended to the U.S. Congress that undocumented aliens be granted amnesty and that sanctions be imposed on employers who hired undocumented workers.
Immigration Appeal Board Act (Canada) (1967) Published: February 17, 2011
Following a broad government reorganization of the immigration bureaucracy in Canada, the Immigration Appeal Board Act was passed, creating the Immigration Appeal Board.
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) Published: February 17, 2011
After many years of heated debate and the shock of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, in 2002 the Canadian parliament passed the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA), replacing the Immigration Act of 1976.
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha (1983) Published: February 17, 2011
With its decision in Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha, the U.S. Supreme Court invalidated the legislative veto that had enabled the U.S. Congress, in negotiation with the executive branch, to veto certain executive actions.
Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) Published: February 17, 2011
From 1933 to 2003, the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was the agency of the U.S. Department of Justice responsible for enforcing immigration laws, administering immigration benefits, and, in conjunction with the Department of State, admitting and resettling refugees.
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) Published: February 17, 2011
The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of 1965 marked a dramatic change in American immigration policy, abandoning the concept of national quotas and establishing the basis for extensive immigration from the developing world.
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Published: February 17, 2011
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is the investigative arm of the Border and Transportation Security Directorate (BTS), and it operates under the jurisdiction of the DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (DHS).
Immigration Act (United States) (1990) Published: February 16, 2011
The Immigration Act of 1990 was the first major revision of U.S. immigration policy since the Immigration and Nationality Act (1965), which had been passed in the midst of the cold war.
Immigration Act (Literacy Act) (United States) (1917) Published: February 16, 2011
The Immigration Act of 1917, popularly known as the Literacy Act, marked a turning point in American immigration legislation.
Immigration Act (United States) (1907) Published: February 16, 2011
Both the general increase in the number of immigrants and the assassination of President William McKinley in 1901 fueled a growing nativism in the United States and in Congress during the first decade of the 20th century.
Immigration Act (United States) (1903) Published: February 16, 2011
In the wake of the assassination of President William McKinley by anarchist Leon Czolgosz in 1901, Congress began a thorough review of American immigration policy.
Immigration Act (United States) (1882) Published: February 16, 2011
Responding to dozens of petitions from states worried about the maintenance of indigent immigrants, Congress expanded the exclusion precedent set in the Page Act of 1875.
Immigration Act (United States) (1864) Published: February 16, 2011
The 1864 Immigration Act was designed to increase the flow of laborers to the United States during the disruptions of the Civil War (1861–65).
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