Iron and steel industry: Life in the Steel Communities Published: October 17, 2012

Second- and third-generation immigrants and their families built more comfortable lives in steel communities such as Johnstown and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Youngstown, Ohio, from the 1940’s through the 1960’s.

Iron and steel industry: Struggle to Unionize Published: October 17, 2012

Many native-born American workers believed that immigrants and their families would not fight against workplace and community injustice on their own accord. . .

Iron and steel industry: Late Nineteenth Century Immigrants Published: October 17, 2012

Iron and steel industry: Late Nineteenth Century Immigrants The iron and steel industry continued to progress after the U.S. Civil War, and an increasing need for labor corresponded to this growth.

Iron and steel industry Published: October 17, 2012

Immigrants to the United States were in many ways responsible for the rise and success of the nation’s large iron and steel industry.

Indentured servitude Published: April 6, 2012

During the colonial period of British North America, a high proportion of British working-class immigrants to the American colonies came as indentured servants.

Immigrant aid organizations Published: January 30, 2012

Immigrant aid organizationsImmigrant aid organizations played an important role in helping immigrants to establish themselves in the United States.

Guest-worker programs Published: December 20, 2011

Guest-worker programs in the United States, such as the mid-century bracero program, have often met with controversy due to variable labor conditions and their perceived effect on American wages and job availability.

Great Depression Published: December 19, 2011

Great DepressionImmigration was a thorny issue during the Depression. Legislation was already in place barring certain ethnic groups from entering the United States, and immigration remained restricted during the era owing to economic factors.

Employment Published: October 18, 2011

Often called a nation of immigrants, the United States has borne witness, from the time of its earliest European settlements to the twenty-first century, that immigrant groups have significantly contributed to its survival, development, and prosperity.

Emigration Published: October 18, 2011

The fact that large numbers of Americans have emigrated to other countries is not often openly acknowledged because immigration of foreigners to the United States has always received more media attention.

Economic opportunities Published: October 12, 2011

Throughout the history of the United States, quests for economic betterment have been a driving force behind the decisions of immigrants to come to the United States.

Economic consequences of immigration Published: October 12, 2011

Any understanding of the factors encouraging immigration to the United States must rest on an understanding of the economic conditions motivating immigrants, as well as the effects of their presence in the United States.

Disaster recovery work Published: October 4, 2011

Disaster recovery work in the United States has become an occupation heavily populated with both documented and undocumented immigrant laborers, the latter of whom are usually paid significantly less than documented workers.

Credit-ticket system Published: September 27, 2011

During the mid- to late nineteenth century, the fares Chinese immigrants crossing the Pacific Ocean to the United States paid ranged from fifteen to forty-five dollars—amounts that few Chinese workers could afford.

Chinese boycott of 1905 Published: September 14, 2011

The boycott signified the emergence of modern Chinese nationalism and the importance of immigration in Sino-American relations.

Chain migration Published: September 7, 2011

As a result of family members or neighbors contacting others from their home countries for purposes of inspiring them to become their new neighbors in America, chain migration has had a significant impact on the history and growth of immigration to the United States.

Canada vs. United States as immigrant destinations Published: August 24, 2011

The United States and Canada are the two main immigrant destinations in North America.

California gold rush Published: August 24, 2011

The California gold rush was a defining moment in the history of westward migration in the United States. It was also an important period in U.S. immigration history.