Labor immigration

Iron and steel industry: Life in the Steel Communities Published: October 17, 2012

Second- and third-generation immigrants and their families built more comfortable lives in steel communities such as Johnstown and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Youngstown, Ohio, from the 1940’s through the 1960’s.

Iron and steel industry: Struggle to Unionize Published: October 17, 2012

Many native-born American workers believed that immigrants and their families would not fight against workplace and community injustice on their own accord. . .

Iron and steel industry: Late Nineteenth Century Immigrants Published: October 17, 2012

Iron and steel industry: Late Nineteenth Century Immigrants The iron and steel industry continued to progress after the U.S. Civil War, and an increasing need for labor corresponded to this growth.

Iron and steel industry Published: October 17, 2012

Immigrants to the United States were in many ways responsible for the rise and success of the nation’s large iron and steel industry.

International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union Published: September 28, 2012

International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union The International Ladies’ GarmentWorkers’ Union improved working conditions for garment makers, most of whom were immigrants. Under the leadership of David Dubinsky, himself an immigrant, the union became recognized as one of the most powerful labor unions in the United States.

Industrial Workers of the World Published: September 11, 2012

The Industrial Workers of the World was the first large labor union in the United States to organize as an industrial union instead of according to craft.

Industrial Revolution: Creation of Industrial America Published: September 5, 2012

After the mid-nineteenth century, the development of machine-powered mass-manufacturing techniques powered the American economy.

Industrial Revolution: Changing Sources of Economic Growth Published: September 5, 2012

As late as the eighteenth century, the great bulk of people in Europe and North America were still supporting themselves and their families through their individual labor, mostly on farmlands.

Industrial Revolution Published: September 5, 2012

Industrial RevolutionThe demographic revolution that began in the Western world during the eighteenth century and accelerated during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries made it imperative to develop employment for the increasing numbers of people in the developing nations.

Indentured servitude Published: April 6, 2012

During the colonial period of British North America, a high proportion of British working-class immigrants to the American colonies came as indentured servants.

In re Tiburcio Parrott Published: March 7, 2012

In the Parrott ruling, a U.S. district court in California prohibited the application of a constitutional amendment that would have prohibited the employment of Chinese persons in the state.

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 Published: March 7, 2012

The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) was designed to balance public concerns about increasing illegal immigration with business’s need for cheap labor and the need to address issues of racial and ethnic discrimination.

Immigration Convention of 1886 Published: March 7, 2012

As a landmark agreement between two sovereign nations designed to protect the human rights of Japanese immigrants relocating to the kingdom of Hawaii, the Immigration Convention reflected less a lofty humanitarian imperative than a pragmatic economic necessity. . .

Imingaisha Published: January 30, 2012

The workers sent to Hawaii by the imingaisha began an era of organized Japanese economic emigration that reversed imperial Japan’s long-standing restrictions on population movement outside the country and marked the beginning of the Japanese community in the United States.

Guest-worker programs Published: December 20, 2011

Guest-worker programs in the United States, such as the mid-century bracero program, have often met with controversy due to variable labor conditions and their perceived effect on American wages and job availability.

Green cards Published: December 20, 2011

Green cardsImmigrants without green cards have no legal right to reside permanently or to work in the United States.

Samuel Gompers Published: December 19, 2011

Samuel GompersUndeniably one of the leading figures in labor history, Gompers was already an ardent unionist prior to leaving London for New York City in 1863. The giant union he cofounded in 1881, the American Federation of Labor, was based on the pragmatic principles he had learned in England.

Gentlemen’s Agreement Published: December 12, 2011

Gentlemen’s AgreementIn the wake of Japanese military victories over the Chinese and the Russians as well as following the turmoil of the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 and a resultant segregation order by the San Francisco Board of Education against Japanese and Korean schoolchildren, President Theodore Roosevelt’s federal government negotiated a Gentlemen’s Agreement with Japan that defused threats of war, ended the segregation order, and limited Japanese immigration.

Garment industry Published: December 12, 2011

Garment industryFueled by immigrant labor since the massive surge of Jewish and Italian immigrants to New York City during the decades surrounding the turn of the twentieth century, the American garment industry was long a major economic portal to recently arrived immigrants.

Farm and migrant workers Published: November 28, 2011

The supply of farm labor has become one of the most significant issues in U.S. immigration policy.

Exeter incident Published: November 14, 2011

This racially motivated attack on Filipino farmworkers was one of the first of several similar attacks in central California’s agricultural centers.

Employment Published: October 18, 2011

Often called a nation of immigrants, the United States has borne witness, from the time of its earliest European settlements to the twenty-first century, that immigrant groups have significantly contributed to its survival, development, and prosperity.

El Paso incident Published: October 12, 2011

The complicity of agents of the U.S. government to contravene an agreement with Mexico by allowing Mexican farmworkers to enter the United States was another black mark in the administration of the bracero programs that damaged U.S.- Mexican relations.

Disaster recovery work Published: October 4, 2011

Disaster recovery work in the United States has become an occupation heavily populated with both documented and undocumented immigrant laborers, the latter of whom are usually paid significantly less than documented workers.

Credit-ticket system Published: September 27, 2011

During the mid- to late nineteenth century, the fares Chinese immigrants crossing the Pacific Ocean to the United States paid ranged from fifteen to forty-five dollars—amounts that few Chinese workers could afford.

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