Arianna Huffington Published: January 16, 2012

Arianna HuffingtonOne of the most politically influential immigrants of the early twenty-first century, Huffington has established herself as a centrist within a variety of media, including the World Wide Web, and named one of Time magazine’s one hundred most influential people in 2006.

S. I. Hayakawa Published: December 22, 2011

S. I. HayakawaA notable scholar of semantics, Hayakawa also had a political career. He represented California in the U.S. Senate, where he launched a movement to establish English as the official language of the United States by introducing the English Language Amendment in 1981.

Meyer Guggenheim Published: December 20, 2011

Meyer GuggenheimOriginally an impoverished Jewish peddler from Switzerland, Guggenheim built a worldwide mining conglomerate after immigrating to the United States.


Andrew Grove Published: December 20, 2011

The third person hired by the cofounders of the Intel Corporation, the Hungarian-bornGrove rose relatively quickly to the company’s top management position.

Samuel Gompers Published: December 19, 2011

Samuel GompersUndeniably one of the leading figures in labor history, Gompers was already an ardent unionist prior to leaving London for New York City in 1863. The giant union he cofounded in 1881, the American Federation of Labor, was based on the pragmatic principles he had learned in England.

Emma Goldman Published: December 19, 2011

Emma GoldmanA forceful voice for the nascent anarchist movement in the United States, Goldman founded the magazine Mother Earth and crisscrossed the United States lecturing about anarchy and supporting anarchists, immigrant and labor groups, women, and others oppressed by the government and institutionalized capitalism.

Marcus Garvey Published: December 12, 2011

Marcus GarveyThe first person of African descent to galvanize black people throughout the world with the idea of returning to Africa, Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), which sought to deliver African Americans from injustice, encourage racial self-improvement, and promote a back-to-Africa movement.

Felix Frankfurter Published: November 30, 2011

As a professor at Harvard, Frankfurter got involved in a number of causes. He became a close adviser of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Edward J. Flanagan Published: November 28, 2011

Father Flanagan was an early and vocal advocate of child-care reform whose experiences as a Roman Catholic parish priest among the impoverished immigrants in Omaha, Nebraska, convinced him that addressing such catastrophic social conditions could only begin with taking in homeless boys and educating them.

Albert Einstein Published: October 12, 2011

The greatest physicist of the twentieth century, Albert Einstein found refuge from Nazi threats in the United States, where he became a symbol of scientific genius and internationalism.

James John Davis Published: October 3, 2011

As the secretary of labor under three U.S. presidents, Davis helped to enforce the national origins quotas of 1920’s immigration law and advocated additional restrictions on immigration.

Edwidge Danticat Published: October 3, 2011

The leading writer of the Haitian diaspora, Danticat memorably conveys the struggles and identity crises of Haitian immigrants, the grim poverty and political oppression of their homeland, their mistreatment in the United States, and their vibrant language and popular culture.

Liz Claiborne Published: September 26, 2011

One of the most successful female entrepreneurs in American business history, Belgian-born Claiborne founded Liz Claiborne, Inc., in 1976.


Sergey Brin Published: August 16, 2011

Brin teamed up with Stanford University classmate Larry Page to found the Internet company Google, based on its search engine that uses backlinks for ranking.

Alexander Graham Bell Published: June 27, 2011
Entering the United States at the invitation of a Boston institution and speaking excellent English, Bell may not have thought himself an immigrant until his first attempt to patent his telephone was rejected on the grounds that he was an alien.
Charles Atlas Published: June 23, 2011
Arguably the best-known physical fitness advocate of the first half of the twentieth century...
John Jacob Astor Published: June 22, 2011
John Jacob Astor established the first American monopoly with his American Fur Company (1808-1834)...
Mary Antin Published: June 6, 2011
One of the most prominent voices of the early twentieth century wave of immigration to the United States...
Julia Alvarez Published: May 25, 2011
Alvarez came to prominence as a novelist with the publication of How the García Girls Lost Their Accents (1991)...
Madeleine Albright Published: May 24, 2011
A scholar who became the first woman to serve as a U.S. secretary of state...
John Winthrop (1588–1649) political and religious leader Published: March 6, 2011
As Puritan leader and first governor of Massachusetts Bay, John Winthrop played a fundamental role in establishing both the Puritan cultural ethos that characterized the leading English colonists in America and England’s actual political control of the Atlantic seaboard.
Lillian Wald (1867–1940) social worker, reformer Published: March 6, 2011
Lillian Wald was a pioneer in the field of public health nursing.
Edward Gibbon Wakefield (1796–1862) author, reformer Published: March 6, 2011
Edward Gibbon Wakefield was a doctrinaire and eccentric visionary, who did much to shape the British ideal of selfgovernment in white colonies, particularly Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.
Reies López Tijerina (King Tiger) (1926– ) social activist Published: March 1, 2011
Born in Falls City, Texas, to a family of migrant workers who claimed to be heirs to an old land grant, Tijerina became one of the earliest CHICANO activists in the United States.
Jean Talon (1626–1694) government official Published: March 1, 2011
As intendant of the colonial territory of New France, Jean Talon vigorously implemented France’s new policy of colonial mercantilism.
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